Урок 14

UNIVERSITY LIFE

(I’ve entered the Institute)

To enter. To finish. To leave. To graduate from. To last. To fail.

To take exams. To pass exams. Subjects. Fresher. Postgraduate. To deliver. Double period. To take up. Entrance examinations. Finals.

To catch up. To fall behind.

I. Speech Models

1. He’s a first year student.

Він – першокурсник.

He’s in his first year.

Він на першому курсі.

I’m a fresher.

Я – першокурсник.

He’s a junior student.

Він – студент молодших курсів.

I’m a senior student.

Я – старшокурсник.

He’s a postgraduate.

Він – аспірант.

He ’ s an undergraduate .

Він – студент останнього курсу.

2. I’ve entered the faculty of business and management.

Я вступив до факультету бізнесу і менеджменту.

I’ve entered the University this year.

Я вступив до цього Університету цього року.

I’m going to take up a postgraduate course.

Я збираюся вступити до аспірантури.

I’ve taken up a post-graduate course.

Я вступив до аспірантури.

3. He gives lectures in History of Ukraine.

Він читає лекції з історії України.

He delivers lectures in mathematics.

Він читає лекції з математики.

I like the way he delivers lectures.

Мені подобається, як він читає лекції.

I always take notes of his lectures.

Я завжди конспектую його лекції.

She is popular with students.

Вона популярна серед студентів.

4. His lectures are interesting.

Його лекції цікаві.

His lectures are dull.

Його лекції нудні.

His lectures are monotonous.

Його лекції монотонні.

Her lectures are always attended by students.

Студенти завжди відвідують її лекції.

5. I’ve passed all entrance exams successfully.

Я успішно здав усі вступні іспити.

I’ll take final exams in 5 years.

Через п'ять років я буду здавати випускні іспити.

He’s failed in “Road materials”.

Він провалився на «Дорожніх матеріалах».

Students often fail in “Strength of materials”.

Студенти часто провалюються на «Опорі матеріалів».

We’ll take five exams and four credit tests next term.

У наступному семестрі в нас буде

5 іспитів і 4 заліки.

6. We have six lectures weekly.

У нас шість лекцій щотижня.

They have four practical lessons daily.

У них чотири практичних заняття щодня.

Our group has four laboratory works every month.

Наша група виконує чотири лабораторні роботи кожного місяця.

We have seminars and practical hours every week.

У нас семінари і практичні заняття щотижня.

We have three double periods a day.

У нас три пари щодня.

7. He falls behind the group in many subjects.

Він відстає від групи по багатьох предметах.

She fell behind the group when she was ill.

Вона відстала від групи, коли занедужала.

He’s the best in his group.

Він кращий у групі.

He’s very good at “Transportation”.

Він дуже добре знає «Перевезення».

She has already caught with her fellow-students.

Вона вже наздогнала своїх однокурсників.

8. It takes him much time to read up for exams.

Підготовка до іспиту забирає в нього багато часу.

It took her much time to catch up with her group.

Їй знадобилося багато часу, щоб наздогнати групу.

It will take her much time to do two foreign languages.

Їй знадобиться багато часу, щоб вивчити дві іноземні мови.

It takes us much time to work in the library.

Робота в бібліотеці забирає в нас багато часу.

9. What’s your favourite subject?

Який твій улюблений предмет?

Who ’ s your favourite lecturer ?

Хто твій улюблений лектор?

What subjects do you have in the first year?

Які предмети ви вивчаєте на першому курсі?

What subjects is she especially good at?

Які предмети вона знає особливо добре?

10. What age do children go to school?

У якому віці діти йдуть до школи?

What age do we enter higher school?

У якому віці ми вступаємо до вузу?

What age will you graduate from the University (Institute, college)?

У якому віці ти закінчиш Університет (інститут, коледж)?

What age do children finish

(leave) school?

У якому віці діти закінчують школу?

1 1 . Is tuition free of charge?

Навчання безкоштовне?

Do the students pay a tuition fee?

Студенти платять за навчання?

The total expenses throughout the year are 2.000 dollars.

Загальна плата за рік –

2000 доларів.

1 2 . I have a Bachelor’s Degree.

У мене ступінь бакалавра.

I have a Master’s Degree.

У мене ступінь магістра.

I have a Ph. D.

У мене ступінь кандидата наук.

1 3 . The academic year lasts 10 months.

Навчальний рік триває 10 місяців.

A lesson lasts 45 minutes.

Урок триває 45 хвилин.

A double period lasts 90 minutes.

Пара триває 90 хвилин.

My working day lasts 6 hours.

Мій робочий день триває 6 годин.

II. Dialogues

* * *

- Hello, Anthony. Haven’t seen you for ages. What are you doing now?

- I’m studying at a utomobile and h ighway University .

- Are you really? What faculty?

- At the F aculty of a utomobiles.

- What are you doing? ( Що ти вивчаєш ?)

- I am doing electric systems of automobiles and tractors.

- How very interesting! You know I am leaving school this year and my dream is to enter this University. I am keen on racing cars. And I’d like to know if tuition is free of charge or paid there.

- The tuition may be either free of charge or paid. It depends on results of your entrance exams.

- Thanks. Good-bye.

- Bye for now. I’m running to the lecture.

* * *

- I know , Ann , you’ve entered the faculty of business and management. I’d like to know if they teach foreign languages there?

- Sure. We have lectures and practical hours in English almost every day. We are taught every-day English communication, English grammar, reading and writing.

- And what about special English, b usiness English?

- Both special and b usiness English , and we may defend our diploma in English.

- It’s really use ful!

* * *

- Hi, will you tell me some words about your college?

- Most willingly. What are you interested in?

- What languages are you doing?

- German and English. English is my first language and German is the second. I have taken it up only this year.

- Which of them do you find more difficult?

- English grammar is easy but pronunciation is my weak point. I have to work hard at it in the language laboratory. On the whole English is easier , in my opinion.

- I agree with you. English is easier for me , too.

* * *

- How long will your course at the University last?

- Five years. In the fourth and fifth years we’ll have our engineering practice at car repair shops and automobile enterprises.

- How many double periods do you have daily?

- As a rule , we have one or two lectures, then a seminar, a laboratory class or a class of foreign language.

- It’s a hard job to do foreign languages, isn’t it?

- If you don’t miss classes and work regularly you are sure to make a good progress.

* * *

- Peter, do you know where our library is? I have to read up for my seminar in macroeconomics.

- Sure. Let’s go. I’ll show you the way. I am going to work there too to read up for our student’s conference.

- Here we are, aren’t we? It’s so large, that I am at a loss where to look for the books I need.

- Don’t worry, here’s a plan of the library. Immediately opposite you is the section of reference books ( справочная литература ) and dictionaries, if you need them.

- I see.

- Behind it, on the same stand you can find magazines.

- OK.

- This section also has newspapers, journals and magazines.

- And what’s the section just to the left here?

- Oh! That’s macroeconomics.

- And where can I find books on microeconomics?

- That’s just to the left. Do you see? The small section at the wall. Here you’ll find everything you need for your seminar.

- Thanks a lot . You have been most helpful.

* * *

- Did you pass your sessional exams?

- Yes. I could hardly manage them. I was sure I would fail at least two of them.

- The trouble in that you burn the candle at both ends. You can’t work all day and play all nights.

- But I don’t. I got up late and worked at nights for the last two weeks.

- Studying all night isn’t good. You need your rest.

- I took a short sleep every four hours.

- Well, well. You should be serious about your studies at the University.

III. Translate in writing and reproduce.

* * *

- Де ви вчитеся?

- Я вчуся в Університеті.

- На якому курсі?

- Я студент першого курсу. А на якому ви курсі?

- На другому, у Медичній Академії. А які факультети у вашому Університеті? Мій молодший брат закінчує школу цього року і збирається вступати до Автодорожнього Університету.

- Автомобільний, дорожній, механічний, бізнес і менеджмент.

- У вас є факультет комп'ютерних систем?

- Це – у транспортному інституті, але ми теж вивчаємо комп'ютерні системи на механічному факультеті.

* * *

- Які предмети ти вивчаєш на першому курсі?

- В основному загальні предмети: математику, фізику, комп'ютери, історію України, іноземну мову.

- А який буде твій профілюючий предмет (major subject)?

- Я точно не знаю, але думаю, що «мости і тунелі».

- Вибач, який твій улюблений предмет?

- Математика. Я люблю математику зі школи.

* * *

- Що ви закінчили?

- Середню школу 10 років тому й університет два роки тому.

- Навчання в Університеті було безкоштовне?

- Ні, я платив за свою освіту.

- Ви одержали диплом бакалавра?

- Не тільки. Я – бакалавр, фахівець і магістр.

- У вашому вузі є аспірантура?

- Так. Торік я вступив до аспірантури і зараз я на другому курсі. За рік я збираюся захищати кандидатську дисертацію.

IV. Make up your own dialogues on the topic " University life".

V. Situations in free conversation.

1. You are leaving school but you haven't yet made up your mind what you want to be. Your sister's friend is a student of the Automobile and Highway University. Ask him about his student's life and his future.

2. You are a freshman. Speak about your first impressions (your timetable, lectures, everyday life, programmes, etc.)

3. You are a freshman and your friend is an undergraduate student. He has come back from his practice at the automobile enterprise. Ask him how he liked it.

COMPARE TENSES

ПОРІВНЯННЯ ЧАСІВ

THE PAST SIMPLE AND THE PRESENT PERFECC TENSES

Past Simple

Present Perfect

I saw him five minutes ago.

I have seen him today.

I did not see him last year.

I have not seen him since last year.

I saw him at 5.

I have just seen him.

I saw him yesterday.

I have seen him.

Вправа 1. Оберіть вірну форму дієслова. Перекладіть речення :

1. The scientist (proved \ has proved) the theory already.

2. He (observed \ has observed) this phenomenon for three weeks.

3. She (solved \ has solved) the task today.

4. The Moon (was explored \ has been explored) since 1970s.

5. The data (were collected \ have been collected) last week.

6. The rule (was explained \ has been explained) at the last lesson.

7. The laboratory workers (tested \ have tested) the equipment for 2 weeks.

8. Antibiotics (existed \ have existed) for many years already.

9. This engineer (was replaced \ has been replaced) already in his position.

10. His knowledge of the subject (expanded \ has expanded) when he learned this new information.

11. He (determined \ has determined) the new properties of the object since the beginning of the experiment.

12. These facts (were set apart \ have been set apart) never.

Вправа 2 . Поставте дієслова у вірну форму. Перекладіть речення.

1. The characteristic of science (to set apart) it from other branches of knowledge.

2. He (to perform) an experiment this month.

3. Modern technology (to change) already our lives.

4. Development of nuclear power (to solve) many problems of energy in this region.

5. Studies in anatomy and physiology (to lead) to new surgical techniques.

6. Since the invention of life-saving machines they (to work) as lungs, kidneys and heart.

7. Scientific and technological achievements (to create) serious problems.

8. Rapid growth of industrial technology (to result) in environmental pollution already.

9. In the past some people (to fear) biological research.

10. He (to determine) some properties of the material during the last experiment.

11. The discovery of radium (to take place) in the 20th century.

12. This scientist (to make) a breakthrough in the field of radioelectronics.

Вправа 3 . Складіть 2 речення, використовуючи вірний час :

1. He (to investigate the case)

ü this year

ü last year

2. Astronauts (to explore the Mars)

ü for many years

ü already

3. The scientists (to unify data)

ü not yet

ü yesterday

4. The teacher (to explain the task)

ü at the previous lesson

ü never

5. The results (to be verified)

ü since the beginning of the work

ü last week

6. The car (to be tested)

ü before

ü for two hours

7. The items (to be included)

ü in the plan earlier

ü just

8. They (to prove these facts)

ü –

ü during the experiment

9. The characteristics of the substance (to be determined)

ü never

ü yesterday

10. He (to revise) his ideas

ü during the debates

ü today

11. The body (to expand)

ü when it was heated

ü already

12. This kind of weapon
(to be invented)

ü not … yet

ü last century

Вправа 4. Складіть запитання та дайте на них відповідь :

1. … he (to solve the problem) the day before yesterday?

2. … he (to apply his knowledge of the subject)?

3. … she (to find) the clue to the puzzle already?

4. … environmental pollution (to be) one of the main concerns since the beginning of technical revolution?

5. … you (to examine) this substance for 2 hours?

6. What … he (to do) in this field of physics?

7. What lectures … you (to attend) this week?

8. … you (not to make) the discovery yet?

9. … you ever (to revise) your decisions?

10. … this equipment (to be tested) before?

11. ... he (to apply his knowledge of the subject)?

Вправа 5. Перекладіть речення :

1. Він не знаходив застосування своїм знанням.

2. Множину питань було вирішено на конференції.

3. Дослідження проходить успішно із самого початку.

4. Іспити апаратури проводяться вже три дні.

5. Він намагався пояснити явище, але не міг.

6. Студент довів цю теорему й одержав відмінну оцінку.

7. Вони переглянули всі навчальні матеріали цього року.

8. Це було відкриття найбільшої важливості.

9. Цю галузь науки ще не досліджено.

10. У цьому районі завжди існує недостача ресурсів.

11. Ми замінили постаріле обладнання на нове.

12. Пошук джерел дешевої енергії продовжується багато років.

Last modified: Thursday, 23 April 2009, 12:25 PM